week ① Day 一

![]http://www.ftchinese.com/story/001071046/ce/

## Day1How robots make humans indispensable

#####精良表明

*In recent months, **anthropologists** have been **rummaging**
through the **grassroots** of America’s **workforce** jungle in
search of an answer to one of the great questions of our time: what
happens to human jobs when robots arrive?

**anthropology**- n.人类学- n.人类学家

Eg.Socialanthropologyis centrally concerned with the diversity of
culture.

      社会人类学主要关于知识三种性。

**rummage**- vt.检查;搜出;仔细搜查;翻寻觅-
n.检查;翻找;查出的物件;零星杂物- vi.仔细搜查;翻找

Eg.he rummaged in his pocket for a handkerchief.

     他在衣兜里翻找手帕。

*the **grassroots** of America’s **workforce**

美利哥劳引力全部

**grassroots**n.基层;基层民众

Eg.agrassrootsmovement; agrassrootsconstituency.群众运动;基层选区

**workforce**- n.全体职员和工人- (国家或行当等)劳重力,劳动大军,劳动年龄人口

Eg.A quarter of the localworkforceis
unemployed.当地劳引力中有四分一待岗。

原来的小说翻译:方今多少个月,人类学家一向在观望整个米国劳引力群众体育,以寻找大家那个时期最根本难题之一的答案:要是机器人来临,人类就业会如何?
 

*Manufacturing offers a particularly **stark** example of this.

**stark**- adj.僵硬的,光秃秃的,荒凉的-完全的,全然的

Eg.stark raving mad.彻底疯了

*here is, however, an **intriguing** twist.

**intriguing**adj.引起好奇心的;令人感兴趣的;有吸引力的  

*rather than looking at **top-down** statistics

Eg.a top-down view of power has limits.自上而下的职务观有局限性。

*machines are **wiping out** some human jobs but people are also
working with robots in new roles.

**wipe out** 消灭

Eg.Scientists speculate that disnasors were wiped out by volcanic
eruption.地农学家推测火山发生导致恐龙灭亡。

*ith such big and complex computing systems that it was constantly
**drafting** more humans 

**drafting**- n.制图;起草;拖拽-
v.起草;挑选;脱去(draft的ing形式)  

Eg.aA cohort of civil servants patiently draftingand redrafting
legislation.一群公务员耐心地拟定并改拟法律。

*In addition, new digitised jobs may seem less attractive than the old
roles since they are often structured as “**contingent**  work”,
with self-employed workers who provide services on demand.

除此以外,新的数字化工作就像比不上旧工作那么迷惑人,因为它们经常被设置成“临工作”,由自由职业者按需提供劳务。

**contingent**adj.大概爆发的, 恐怕的,有规范的

Eg.acontingentproposition.条件性命题

*because he — wrongly — likes to blame the loss of manufacturing jobs
to competition from China or Mexico.

部分原因是她(错误地)喜欢将成立业就业损失总结于来自中中原人民共和国或墨西哥的竞争。

**the loss of**…的损失

Eg.the loss of manufacturing jobs 创造业就业损失

*as companies will **scramble** to cut costs.

**scramble for**争夺

Eg.scramblefor power and wealth追名逐利  

**Workforce training**劳引力培养和磨炼

Eg.Workforce training needs to change to instil more digital
skills.供给改革劳重力培养和磨练,让劳动者领悟更多数字技术。

*New types of social security, health and pension systems are necessary
to **accommodate contingent workers.**

最新的社会保险、健康和供养类别是包容临工我的不可或缺举措。

**accommodate contingent workers.**lehuguoji乐虎国际网址,容纳临工小编

*Valley has not been particularly **vocal **on these questions

硅谷在那么些标题上并不专门积极

**vocal **adj.口头的,有声的

be **vocal **on 对某事表态

Eg.US is not vocal on these questions.

*last week he summoned tech leaders to Trump Tower to
“**reassure**” them about his plans.

近日,他召集科学技术界领袖到川普大厦(特朗普Tower),让她们对他的计划“放心”。

**reassure**vt.化解恐怖或吸引,苏醒信心

Eg.Ruth did her best toreassureher.露丝竭力安慰他。

其它表明:

**BLS **abbr.####(美)劳工总计局(Bureau of Labor Statistics)

参考:!http://www.ftchinese.com/story/001070780/en

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